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This offer comprises 5 different tests at a special price that will enable you to carry out a complete M.O.T. type check on your health. The kit comprises a Diabetes/Glucose/Ketones test, a cholesterol test, a kidney/renal function test, a liver function test and finally a bowel/colon health check test. All the tests are fully approved by the UK government health authorities for home use and CE marked. A full description of each test is given below.
Diabetes is a common disease caused by a high sugar (glucose) level in blood. This condition is called Hyperglycemia, and is caused by reduced insulin secretion or action. Insulin is a hormone that is secreted from the pancreas. The major role of this hormone is to regulate sugar level in blood. Persons with diabetes are more susceptible to develop specific complications such as retinopathy (a pathological disorder of the retina which can cause blindness), kidney failure, nerve damage and circulatory problems, which may lead to heart disease and stroke. It is therefore important that the onset of Diabetes is diagnosed as early as possible so treatment can be prescribed by your doctor. This test looks for high levels of glucose and as well as ketones (see below) in urine
What are Ketones?
In diagnosis of diabetes, doctors always advise to check for Ketones to further confirm the diabetic status. Ketones are group of organic compounds that result from the metabolism of fatty acids. Normal people use glucose as an energy source. In diabetic people, glucose is not passed to the cells, so cells will use fatty acids as the energy source instead. The less glucose absorbed by cells (as in the case when diabetes is more advanced) the more fatty acids are consumed and accordingly more ketone is produced. This condition is known as diabetic ketoacidosis. As the level of ketones increase in the blood, it will start to appear in urine.
Why do I need this test?
This test can help identify diabetes at an early stage, before the illness causes any symptoms. It is important to detect diabetes early on so that you can begin to have treatment and reduce the risk of complications.
What is this test?
This test is a simple urine test and is exactly the same as your doctor would first use to check for diabetes. Basically you pee into a pot and dip the test strip into the urine and read the results after 30-60 seconds. Each pack contains 2 test strips so you can repeat the test or if it is negative test your partner or friend too.
Each test strip contains 2 tests - one for glucose and 1 for ketones.
How do I read the test result?
The test results are easily read by comparing the colour of the test result against the colours shown on the box. The higher the level of glucose and or ketones the darker the test result will become. The image below indicates the range of results possible and the instructions in the pack give a full interpretation of the test whatever the combination of results and advises what to do next if any action is required.
2. CHOLESTEROL TESTS
What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a waxy substance made and used by the body. It is also found in some of the foods that you eat. If there is too much cholesterol in your blood, it starts to collect and harden on the walls of your arteries, which blocks blood flow. High blood cholesterol is one of the biggest risk factors for heart disease.
Why is cholesterol screening important?
Cholesterol screening tells you if you have too much cholesterol in your bloodstream. If you are aware that you have a high blood cholesterol level, you can take steps to reduce this level and, therefore, reduce your risk of heart disease.
Cholesterol screening measures how many milligrams of cholesterol are present in a deciliter of your blood (mg/dl). A sample of your blood can be taken to measure your total cholesterol level.
Who needs cholesterol screening?
Cholesterol screening is recommended at least every 5 years for men ages 35-75 and women ages 45-75. If you have a family history of very high cholesterol and other risk factors for heart disease (high blood pressure, smoking, inactive lifestyle, obesity, and diabetes), you are at increased risk for high cholesterol and its complications. Your doctor may ask you to be screened more often.
What is included in the 'Visual' Cholesterol Home Test Kit?
1 test strip, 1 safety lancet, an indicative colour chart, full instructions - i.e. all you need to carry out a full cholesterol test
3. KIDNEY/RENAL FUNCTION TEST
Kidney disease is a disease where the kidneys stop functioning normally. This listing has two individually foiled/sealed tests and each test strip has 3 separate reaction areas that look for the presence of protein, creatinine and specific gravity. It is the same test that a doctor would use.
When should I use this test?
It is recommended that you take this test if you are suffering from fluid retention, high blood pressure, blood in the urine, frequent urination, difficulty urinating or a reduced volume of urine during urination, fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, or soreness in the waist or lower back area. These are all symptoms of kidney disease.
How do I carry out the test?
1. Collect a sample of urine in a clean and dry container. Make sure there are no traces of any detergents in the container.
2. Remove the test stick from the sealed foil container and immerse in the urine sample for 1 second and remove immediately.
3. Lay the test stick on a dry tissue and wait 30-60 seconds.
4. Compare the resultant colour change on the test stick with the colour chart on the box.
It is that simple. Though this test is the same as the one a doctor would do an abnormal result is only an initial indication of elevated chemical markers and not conclusive of a specific diagnosis. Further testing and consultation with a healthcare professional is necessary to confirm the presence of a specific disease or health condition.
4. LIVER DISEASE/FUNCTION TEST
The liver is the largest glandular organ in the body and it supports almost every other organ in the body - it is vital for survival. The liver has a great capacity to regenerate and is the only organ that can completely heal itself; as little as 25% of a liver can regenerate into a whole liver! A human liver is known to grow back in as little as a week to no more than a few weeks, due to hyptochronatin cells in the remaining liver.
Why do I need this test?
Because of its strategic location and multidimensional functions, the liver is prone to many diseases such as hepatitis A, B, C, E, alcohol damage, fatty liver and cirrhosis. There are over one hundred types of liver disease and they affect over two million people in the UK. This figure may only be the tip of an iceberg as many cases of liver disease remain undiagnosed. This is because your liver is very resourceful and able to work well enough even when it may be damaged. This means that you may often not ‘present’ with clear symptoms, or show obvious sign of liver disease or illness.
This simple home screening test can help to identify if there is a problem by checking for Bilirubin and Urobilinogen levels in your urine.
What are Bilirubin and Urobilinogen?
Bilirubin is a compound formed by the breakdown of red blood cells and Urobilinogen is formed from the breakdown of Bilirubin. Elevated levels of either of these could indicate liver disease, especially if both are elevated.
What does this test involve?
Basically, you pee into a pot and dip the test strip into the urine and read the results after 30-60 seconds. Each pack contains 2 test strips so you can repeat the test or if it is negative test your partner or friend too.
Each test strip will test for Bilirubin and Urobilinogen.
How do I read the test result?
The test results are easily read by comparing the colour of the test result against the colours shown on the box. The higher the level of Bilirubin and or Urobilinogen the darker the test result will become. The image below indicates the range of results possible:
The test comes with full instructions in the pack which gives a full interpretation of the test, whatever the combination of results and advises what to do next if any action is required.
5. BOWEL/COLON HEALTH TEST
Why might I need this test?
Colon cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and early detection is vital. The sooner it is detected, the greater are the chances of successful treatment. If it is treated at an early stage, the survival rate exceeds 90%.
95% of cases of colon cancer develop from polyps, which are benign tumours growing inside the colon. Typically, they do not cause any pain, and often remain undetected for many years before becoming malignant. At this stage, the hidden early stages of colon cancer can be detected by a simple test for blood in the stool. The test enables you to increase your chances of early detection and thereby reduce your risk considerably.
When should I test?
Above the age of 40, if not sooner, everyone should perform an annual test for blood in the stool. It may be better to start testing before reaching 40 if, for example, there is a history of colon cancer or polyps in your family. The test serves to identify blood in the stool which is not yet visible.
Colon polyps bleed occasionally, and colon cancer will reveal blood at a very early stage. If, when performing this test, you detect blood in your stool, you should see your doctor in order for the medical reasons to be identified. What makes this test unique is that you do not need to restrict your eating habits in any way in order to perform it, and it can be conducted simply and easily at any time of day, giving you a result within just a few minutes.
How high are my chances of developing colon cancer?
The cause of colon cancer is largely unknown. However, a yearly faecal occult (blood in the stool) test is recommended from the age of 40. If colon polyps have been diagnosed in parents or siblings this test should be performed at an earlier age, and at shorter intervals. Remember, if you are experiencing any symptoms that you are worried about, you should consult your doctor for help and advice. For more information on colon cancer and symptoms associated with it click on the link given below.
What should I do if the test result is positive?
Discuss the result with your doctor. Besides colon polyps and colon cancer, several other conditions may produce a positive test result. Inflammatory bowel conditions, haemorrhoids or changes in the digestive tract are some of the possible causes, and must be taken into consideration by your doctor. It might be helpful to take these instructions with you to show your doctor, so you can give him or her a better idea of the type of test carried out.
What should I do if the test result is negative?
A negative result does not entirely exclude the possibility of a bowel condition, since some colon tumours only bleed intermittently. Around 25% of tumours do not bleed constantly. For this reason, it is important to test yourself or arrange to be tested annually from age 40 at the latest in order to keep your risk as low as possible.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Always consult your doctor before making any important medical decisions.
Alcohol and a number of medicines such as acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin), glucocorticoids, non-steroidal antiphlogistic / anti-rheumatic agents or cumarin derivates may cause gastrointestinal bleeding (and therefore avoidable, positive results). Please consult your doctor before performing the test if you are taking such medication. Haemorrhoids or blood in the urine may also produce a positive test result.
This test is an immunological test for identifying blood in the stool, which works by detecting human haemoglobin (hHB).