What is cocaine and crack?
Cocaine is a stimulant-type drug, similar to speed.
Cocaine is also known as coke, charlie, draw, flake or snow. Cocaine
is a white powder derived from the leaf of the coca plant that grows
up in the mountains of South America.
Crack named for its 'crackle' sound when heated
is a form of cocaine. Crack has been treated with chemicals to allow
it to be more easily smoked. Crack is also known as pebbles, rock, stone
Until recently the expense and rarity of cocaine
meant it was regarded as a drug that was only available for the rich.
However, cheaper prices and a wider availability means that cocaine
has now become more common.
Until 1903, Coca-Cola contained small amounts of cocaine.
Today, Coca-Cola still contains an extract of coca-leaves, though nowadays
the leaves are used only for flavouring since the drug has been removed.
Cocaine has also been widely used as a local anaesthetic, and is still
sometimes used in surgery.
What does cocaine and crack look like?
Cocaine comes as a white powder. Cocaine is expensive
so may be mixed with anything else that is white and powdery, so that
the drug dealers can make a bigger profit.
Crack (or rock cocaine) comes in the form of small
white crystals or rocks about the size of raisins.
How is cocaine and crack taken?
Cocaine may be snorted, injected or smoked.
Crack is usually smoked in a pipe. Home made pipes
are likely to be found at street level made from soft drink cans or
What are the immediate effects of taking cocaine
Cocaine will give you a confidence buzz for about 30 minutes,
leaving you craving more. Cocaine and crack both produce feelings of
well-being, alertness, reduced appetite and physical strength.
If cocaine is injected the effects come on within
minutes, starting with a very intense rush. If smoked as crack the buzz
comes on in seconds and is very intense but only last a few minutes,
which makes it more addictive.
The immediate after effects of cocaine and crack
can be very unpleasant and include depression, anxiety and paranoia.
If you inject cocaine, the dose reaches the brain almost immediately,
increasing the possibility of overdose. If you inject cocaine with a
needle that has already been used, you run the risk of catching diseases
such as H.I.V..
What are the long-term effects of taking cocaine
Cocaine and crack are addictive and once you start
it can be very hard to stop. You wont get withdrawal symptoms
when you stop but, it will produce a strong psychological dependence,
which means its on your mind all the time.
It is possible to overdose on cocaine and constant
regular use can lead to a seizure, stroke or a heart
attack. Snorting cocaine may permanently damage the membranes
lining the nose and the structure separating the nostrils. Smoking crack
may damage your lungs,
give you breathing problems or cause your heart to fail.
High spending on cocaine is often associated with
debt and violence.
What class drug is cocaine and crack?
Cocaine is a class A drug and if you are caught
in possession with the intent to supply, you could face a maximum penalty
of life imprisonment.
The Detox Handbook